Windows Server comes with a lot of built-in Active Directory Management tools. But usually they are not easy to use or some tools don’t visualize data. We will discuss about some of the best Active Directory tools to make a network admin life easier.
Active Directory is a database system that allows each machine within a network to communicate with each other. It makes information more accessible and allow admins to grant permissions to specific users. One the most critically valuable benefits of using Active Directory in your business is the control that provides you as an admin. When you connect all of your users to Active Directory, you can oversee the activities that go on throughout your entire company on a single access point.
While not everyone within your business necessarily needs to get access to all the files and documents available, with Active Directory you can grant each user permissions to get the right information. Once you have deployed Active Directory, all the computers and printers connected would become part of a domain. A global catalog controls the domain; the GC keeps all the devices connected on the network on track. This catalog also stores computer names, IP addresses, and users so that the administrator can oversee everything that’s happening on the domain.
On the other hand, Active Directory can bring its challenges, if your users are complaining of slow logins and performance issues. Having to go manually through security investigations and reading event logs can be daunting. As an IT Admin, you desire auditing, reporting, real-time alerts, automation, role-based access with the delegation, and bulk operations. Thankfully, we have built a list of the best management tools to make your life easier.
Best free Active Directory Management Tools
Cjwdev AD Tidy
Cjwdev AD Tidy is one of the best free Active Directory tools for user management. With AD Tidy you can efficiently manage AD accounts in bulk. It can serve as a role administration tool. For instance, set random passwords to different accounts; add multiple users to a specific security group, or add a particular date of expiry to a set of user accounts. With its filtering utility, you can clean up your AD forest by filtering by login date or attributes to decide which accounts to remove. Another great feature is that Cjwdev Tidy AD allows you to export AD settings to XML.
Spiceworks is an all in one cloud based network management and network monitoring solution. Although, Spiceworks is not an Active Directory standalone solution as it offers network inventory and help desk as well. We will focus on its Active Directory capabilities. Once you have installed Spiceworks, you can quickly update Active Directory account properties such as email, phone, department, etc. Also, you can add user profiles to devices so that you can monitor them and update their software when needed. Spiceworks versatility also allows you to reset passwords, disable accounts, enable users to update their profiles by adding a self-service portal. You can extend its functionality by installing plugins. For SMBs, Spiceworks will serve as one of the best free AD monitoring tools.
Can extend functionality with plugins
Good community support
It might not be the best choice for large enterprises
ManageEngine’s is one of my favorites; its free iteration is enough for your everyday routine. The interface is easy to use, and it can save you hours during audit seasons. ADAudit Plus real-time services provide just the right security as expected from an enterprise-grade solution. One could say the reporting engine is one of the best that you can find, detailed enough and it does not compromise intuitivism.
SolarWinds offers three free tools to help the admin in daily, weekly, and monthly administrative tasks of Active Directory. These utilities are:
Import User in Bulk
Inactive User Account Removal Tool
Inactive Computer Removal Tool
Permissions Analyzer for Active Directory
Each utility must be downloaded on its own and has its functionality. You will be able to quickly remove inactive user and computer accounts or import new users in just a few steps. The Permissions Analyzer comes in handy when you want to make sure a user gets access to the right information and to verify nobody is accessing data they don’t need.
PowerShell is the most powerful AD tool. As it does not provide a graphical interface, you must use cmdlets and scripts to change domain settings. Something to point out about PowerShell is that once you learn to work with these commands, you can create your scripts and that will allow you to automate most of your everyday tasks. Let me get you started with some of the most common commands:
Create a user account – New-ADUser –Name username –Path “ou=OUname,dc=DCName,dc=com"
Create a computer account – New-ADComputer –Name username –Path “ou=OUname,dc=DCName,dc=com"
Create an organizational unit — New-ADOrganizationalUnit -Name OUname -Path “dc=domainname,dc=com"
This tool comes as part of the Windows Server infrastructure and is available on your domain controller, provided your server has a GUI. If your server lacks a GUI, you can install this tool on any Windows Professional or Enterprise iteration as part of the RSAT tools. Active Directory Users and Computers has everything you need to administer your domain; you can change your domain’s configuration or add a user all within the same console. Any changes you make will depend on the permissions you have.
Native Microsoft tool
Easy to use
Self-explanatory. Almost no learning curve
Can be difficult for bulk operations
You can also access Active Directory management tools in a client Operating System. Microsoft provides RSAT for Windows clients. You can install RSAT tools depending upon the version of Windows you are running on your computer.
RSAT tools can be installed by going to Control Panel –> Programs and Features –> Turn Windows Features on or off.
Once installed, you will see all Active Directory features in your Start Menu.
AD Info comes in handy to query information on your AD structure. If you are dealing with several domains at the same time, you can create easy queries with this tool. It even allows you to export data to CSV file and Excel files to make reports. AD Info comes with several predefined searchable queries to get you started.
LDAP Administrator is another popular directory management software. Besides supporting Active Directory, but also directory systems such as OpenLDAP, Netscape/iPlanet, Novell eDirectory, etc. LDAP Administrator offers excellent features such as automated bulk object changes, multiple object attributes modifications, and a powerful search engine. This tool allows exporting directory information into numerous formats, including Excel, HTML or plain text. Another great feature is that Softerra LDAP Administrator lets you restore deleted objects from AD tombstones without having to reboot.
Managing Active Directory can be painless if you choose the right management tools for your organization. To some, the tools offered by Microsoft might be enough while others might need a bit more of insight and automation for certain aspects of our everyday admin routine. This guide is to help you choose the best tool that works for you. Share your best Active Directory management tools in the comments below.