The Ultimate Guide to AMD Processor Generations

Everything To Know About AMD Processors The Ultimate GuideEverything To Know About AMD Processors The Ultimate Guide

Welcome to the world of AMD processors, where raw computing power and cutting-edge technology meet to create a true engineering marvel. AMD processors offer an appealing choice for those seeking maximum productivity or performance.

AMD processors are innovative, high-performing, and good value, making them the processor of choice for many.

Whether you’re a seasoned veteran or a newcomer to the world of processors, this ultimate guide will take you on a journey through the ins and outs of AMD processors, revealing everything you need to know to make an informed decision about your next computing purchase.

What Are AMD Processors?

AMD processors have come a long way since their inception. Their continued innovation and performance have helped to establish them as a leading player in the processor market.

Designed and manufactured by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), these processors are responsible for executing the vast majority of calculations and instructions that make up a computer’s computing power. It allows the computer to perform carry out tasks, from basic web browsing to complex scientific simulations.

The history of AMD processors dates back to 1969 when the company was founded. Initially, AMD focused on producing memory chips, but it soon began to branch out into other areas, including microprocessors. In the early 1990s, AMD began to compete with Intel in the x86 processor market, launching its first 386-compatible processor in 1991.

Here is a detailed comparison between AMD and Intel processors.

Since then, AMD has continued to innovate and push the boundaries of processor technology, introducing various processors designed for different use cases and performance levels.

Today, several types of AMD processors are available, including the Ryzen series, the Threadripper series, and the Athlon series; each engineered to meet the needs of specific users, from gamers and content creators to professionals in fields such as engineering and scientific research.

Let’s learn about the different types of AMD processors, their properties, and what sets them apart.


When it comes to choosing a processor for your computer, AMD is a popular choice thanks to its powerful performance and impressive value.

But did you know that there are actually two main types of AMD processors to choose from? These are CPUs and APUs, each with its own unique set of features and benefits.


Short for Central Processing Unit, AMD CPU is a critical chip responsible for performing calculations and executing instructions, making it the brain of your computer. From launching programs, managing memory, running complex applications, and performing multitasking, the AMD CPU is the backbone of your computing experience.

One of the key advantages of AMD CPUs is their powerful performance. AMD processors are designed to provide fast and reliable performance across a wide range of applications; from gaming and content creation to everyday tasks like web browsing and email.

In addition to raw performance, AMD CPUs are also known for their excellent value. Compared to other high-end processors on the market, these often offer a lower price point without sacrificing performance or reliability. This makes them an excellent choice for users who want powerful computing without breaking the bank.

Another great advantage of AMD CPUs is their compatibility with numerous computer systems. Whether you’re building a custom desktop PC or upgrading an existing system, there is likely an AMD CPU that will fit your needs. With options ranging from entry-level processors to high-end models, you can find an AMD CPU that matches your budget too.


AMD APU, or Accelerated Processing Unit, is a type of processor that combines both; a CPU and an integrated GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) on a single chip. This means an APU can handle multiple tasks simultaneously instead of having two separate components for processing data and rendering graphics.

The main use of AMD APUs is in devices that require both high-performance computing and graphics capabilities, such as gaming PCs, laptops, and multimedia machines. By integrating the CPU and GPU onto a single chip, AMD APUs offer a cost-effective and energy-efficient solution that can handle demanding applications without compromising performance.

What makes AMD APUs unique is their heterogeneous system architecture, which allows for seamless communication between the CPU and GPU. This architecture enables the APU to distribute workloads between the CPU and GPU, depending on which component best suits the task at hand.

For example, tasks that require heavy computing, such as video encoding, can be offloaded to the CPU, while tasks that require intense graphics processing, such as gaming, can be handled by the GPU.

What else adds to the overall value of AMD APUs is their advanced graphics capabilities, which are built on AMD’s Radeon graphics technology. This technology is responsible for delivering high-quality visuals and exceptional performance, even when running multiple applications concurrently.

AMD Processor Generations

With a legacy spanning over five decades, AMD has continuously pushed the boundaries of what’s possible with its cutting-edge technologies and innovative designs. From the early days of the 4004 to the latest Ryzen CPUs, the company has always been at the forefront of the processor industry, delivering unparalleled performance, reliability, and value.

So, join us on a voyage through time and explore the fascinating world of AMD processors, where every release is proof of AMD’s commitment to excellence.

AMD Processor Generations Timeline

Intel releases new processor generations with added features and improvements, which can cause confusion for the end user to make an informed purchase. This timeline explains the Intel Processor Generations over the years.

  • Ryzen Threadripper
    7th Gen (Zen 4)

    Boost Clock Speed: 5.3 GHz

    5th Gen (Zen 3)

    Boost Clock Speed: 4.5 GHz

    3rd Gen (Zen 2)

    Boost Clock Speed: 4.6 GHz

    2nd Gen (Zen+)

    Boost Clock Speed: 4.3 GHz

    1st Gen (Zen)

    Boost Clock Speed: 4 GHz

  • Ryzen
    8th Gen

    Architecture: 5 nm
    Boost Clock Speed: 5.2 GHz

    7th Gen

    Architecture: 5 nm
    Boost Clock Speed: 5.7 GHz

    6th Gen

    Architecture: 6 nm
    Boost Clock Speed: 5 GHz

    5th Gen

    Architecture: 7 nm
    Boost Clock Speed: 4.9 GHz

    4th Gen

    Architecture: 7 nm
    Boost Clock Speed: 4.9 GHz

    3rd Gen

    Architecture: 7 nm
    Boost Clock Speed: 4.7 GHz

    2nd Gen

    Architecture: 12 nm
    Boost Clock Speed: 4.3 GHz

    1st Gen

    Architecture: 14 nm
    Boost Clock Speed: 4.0 GHz

  • FX
    3rd Gen (Steamroller)

    Architecture: 28 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 4.3 GHz

    2nd Gen (Piledriver)

    Architecture: 32 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 4.2 GHz

    1st Gen (Bulldozer)

    Architecture: 32 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 4.2 GHz

  • Phenom
    3rd Gen (Phenom II X6)

    Architecture: 45 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.3 GHz

    2nd Gen (Phenom III)

    Architecture: 45 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.0 GHz

    1st Gen

    Architecture: 65 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.6 GHz

  • Turion
    6th Gen

    Architecture: 45 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.5 GHz

    5th Gen

    Architecture: 45 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 1.7 GHz

    4th Gen

    Architecture: 65 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.5 GHz

    3rd Gen

    Architecture: 65 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.6 GHz

    2nd Gen

    Architecture: 90 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.4 GHz

    1st Gen

    Architecture: 90 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.4 GHz

  • Sempron
    6th Gen

    Architecture: 28 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.0 GHz

    5th Gen

    Architecture: 45 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.1 GHz

    4th Gen

    Architecture: 65 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.7 GHz

    3rd Gen

    Architecture: 90 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.2 GHz

    2nd Gen

    Architecture: 90 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.0 GHz

    1st Gen

    Architecture: 130 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.0 GHz

  • Opteron
    6th Gen

    Architecture: 28 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.6 GHz

    5th Gen

    Architecture: 28 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.5 GHz

    4th Gen

    Architecture: 32 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.7 GHz

    3rd Gen

    Architecture: 45 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.9 GHz

    2nd Gen

    Architecture: 90 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.1 GHz

    1st Gen

    Architecture: 130 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.2 GHz

  • Duron
    3rd Gen (Applebred)

    Architecture: 130 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 1.8 GHz

    2nd Gen (Morgan)

    Architecture: 180 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 1.3 GHz

    1st Gen

    Architecture: 180 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 800 MHz

  • Athlon
    8th Gen (Athlon 200GE)

    Architecture: 14 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.2 GHz

    7th Gen (Athlon X4)

    Architecture: 28 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.6 GHz

    6th Gen (Athlon II)

    Architecture: 45 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.4 GHz

    5th Gen (Athlon 64 X2)

    Architecture: 65 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 3.2 GHz

    4th Gen (Athlon 64)

    Architecture: 130 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.4 GHz

    3rd Gen (Athlon XP)

    Architecture: 180 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 2.2 GHz

    2nd Gen (Athlon Thunderbird)

    Architecture: 180 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 1.4 GHz

    1st Gen

    Architecture: 180 nm
    Max Clock Speed: 650 MHz

Evolution of AMD Processors

AMD Processor Timeline
AMD Processor Timeline

AMD processors have undergone a remarkable evolution, transforming from humble beginnings into one of the most sought-after chips in the market today.

From the early days of the Athlon and Opteron processors to the current generation of Ryzen and EPYC CPUs, AMD has consistently pushed the boundaries of performance, delivering cutting-edge technologies that have revolutionized the computing landscape.

Here is a summary of all the AMD processor series since the company’s inauguration:

AMD ProcessorsRelease YearNumber of Generations ReleasedBase CoresMax CoresThreadsMin. Base Clock RateMax Boosted Clock Rate
Athlon1999714N/A500 MHz1.4 GHz
Duron2000311N/A600 MHz1.8 GHz
Sempron20046142-41.3 GHz3.1 GHz
Turion20056142-41.6 GHz2.4 GHz
Opteron200361641-161.4 GHz3.2 GHz
Phenom20073262-61.8 GHz3.0 GHz
FX201138883.6 GHz4.7 GHz
Ryzen201784164-641.8 GHz5.7 GHz
Ryzen Threadripper20175 (Skipped 4th and 6th)169616-1922.5 GHz5.3 GHz
Summary of AMD processor series and their key specifications

To read more about each of AMD’s processor series and their respective generations, continue reading below.

To learn about the naming strategy of AMD for its processors, jump to this section.


AMD Athlon Processors generations Opt
AMD Athlon Processors generations Opt

The AMD Athlon processor is one of the most iconic CPU lines in computer history, having been a mainstay in desktops and laptops for over two decades.

First introduced in 1999, the Athlon was AMD’s response to Intel’s Pentium III, offering better performance and lower prices. Since then, the Athlon has undergone several iterations, with each new release pushing the boundaries of performance and innovation.

  • First Generation

    The first-generation AMD Athlon was released in 1999 and featured a base clock speed of 500 MHz and a maximum clock speed of 650 MHz. It had a single core built on the 180 nm manufacturing process.

    Despite having a lower clock speed than the Pentium III, the Athlon was able to outperform its competitor thanks to its superior architecture and design.

  • Second Generation [Athlon Thunderbird]

    Athlon Thunderbird was released a year later in 2000. With clock speeds of up to 1.4 GHz, it was built on a 180 nm process, allowing higher clock speeds and lower power consumption.

    The Thunderbird also introduced the “Socket A (also known as Socket 462) interface,” which would remain in use for several generations of AMD processors.

  • Third Generation [Athlon XP]

    In 2001, AMD released the third-generation Athlon, which boasted up to 2.2 GHz clock speeds. This iteration featured the “Barton” core with double the L2 cache of its predecessor, measuring 512 KB.

    The Athlon XP also introduced the PR rating system, which aimed to provide consumers with a clearer understanding of the processor’s performance in comparison to Intel’s Pentium 4.

  • Fourth Generation [Athlon 64]

    In the tech world, Athlon’s fourth generation is generally referred to as “Athlon 64.” It was launched in 2003 and marked a significant shift in processor architecture. The Athlon 64 was the first 64-bit processor from AMD, featuring clock speeds of up to 2.4 GHz.

    It also introduced the “HyperTransport technology,” which improved communication between the processor and other system components. The Athlon 64 was a game-changer for AMD, allowing it to compete with Intel’s high-end processors on both performance and features.

  • Fifth Generation [Athlon 64 X2]

    Athlon’s fifth-generation processor was rolled out in 2005 and featured dual cores for the first time.

    The Athlon 64 X2 had up to 3.2 GHz clock speeds and was built on a 90 nm manufacturing process. It was popular for gamers and power users who needed high performance for multitasking and demanding applications.

  • Sixth Generation [Athlon II]

    The sixth-generation Athlon started its journey in 2009 and was aimed at budget-conscious consumers.

    The Athlon II had clock speeds of up to 3.4 GHz and featured up to four cores. It was built on a 45 nm manufacturing process, which allowed for lower power consumption and better efficiency.

  • Seventh Generation [Athlon X4]

    Released in 2017, the Bristol Ridge Athlon X4 series was announced. It utilized two Excavator modules totaling 4 “cores” and was based on the Excavator 28nm microarchitecture. A dual-channel DDR4-2400 memory controller with 4.0GHz clock rates was installed in it. It operated on the recently released Socket AM4 platform, which was designed for Zen1 to Zen 3 CPUs.

  • Eight Generation [Athlon 200GE]

    Marking AMD’s re-entry into the entry-level market, the 8th generation Athlon was released in 2018. This processor boasted clock speeds of up to 3.2 GHz, with two cores featuring “Simultaneous Multithreading (SMT),” enabling the processing of four threads simultaneously.

    Additionally, the Athlon 200GE was constructed using a 14 nm Zen-based architecture. It quickly became popular for those seeking a budget-friendly choice for their gaming systems or home theater PCs.

Overall, the AMD Athlon processor has undergone several generations of evolution, each pushing the boundaries of performance and innovation. From the early days of the Athlon Thunderbird to the latest Athlon 200GE, the Athlon has remained a favorite pick for gamers, power users, and budget-conscious consumers alike.

With each new generation, AMD has continued to refine and improve Athlon, incorporating new technologies and features to meet the changing needs of consumers. Today, the Athlon continues to be a reliable and versatile CPU line that offers great performance at an affordable price point.

As AMD continues to push the boundaries of processor technology, we can only expect to see more exciting developments from the Athlon line in the years to come.


AMD Duron Processors generations Opt
AMD Duron Processors generations

AMD Duron was a line of budget processors that were introduced in 2000 as a response to Intel’s popular Celeron lineup. The Duron was designed for low-end desktop computers and aimed at consumers who wanted a reliable, affordable, and capable processor to handle basic computing tasks.

  • First Generation [Spitfire]

    The first-generation AMD Duron processors codenamed “Spitfire”, were released in 2000 and were based on the same Socket A architecture as the popular Athlon processors.

    The first Duron chips were available at clock speeds of 600MHz, 650MHz, 700MHz, 750MHz, and 800MHz. They featured a single core, 64KB of Level 2 cache, and a 200MHz front-side bus (FSB). These processors were designed for basic office work, web browsing, and light multimedia tasks.

  • Second Generation [Morgan]

    In 2001, AMD released the second-generation Duron processors, codenamed “Morgan.” These chips were based on the same Socket A architecture as the first-generation Duron but offered significant improvements.

    The Morgan chips featured clock speeds ranging from 900MHz to 1.3GHz, a larger 128KB Level 2 cache, and a 266MHz Front Side Bus (FSB). These processors targeted budget-conscious users who required slightly better performance and could handle more demanding applications.

  • Third Generation [Applebred]

    The third-generation Duron processors were released in 2003. These chips were still based on the Socket A architecture but offered several enhancements over the previous generations.

    The Applebred processors had clock speeds ranging from 1.4GHz to 1.8GHz, a larger 256KB Level 2 cache, and a 333MHz FSB. They were designed for users who required better performance for more demanding applications like photo and video editing and light gaming.

These Duron processors were a line of budget CPUs from AMD that offered reliable performance for basic computing tasks at an affordable price point. The Duron series improved with faster clock speeds, larger caches, and FSB speeds with each generation.

While the Duron processors are no longer in production, they played a significant role in the history of computing by providing an accessible entry point for consumers to join the world of personal computing.


AMD Sempron Processors generations Opt
AMD Sempron Processors generations

AMD Sempron processors are a family of budget-friendly processors designed for entry-level desktop and notebook computers.

These processors are intended for users who don’t require high-performance computing power but still need a reliable processor that can handle everyday tasks such as web browsing, word processing, and multimedia playback.

Note: The AMD Sempron processors have codenames, but they do not apply to the generations. Instead, the codenames help identify the fabrication process and architecture of individual Sempron models.

  • First Generation

    Back in 2004, AMD Sempron processors were unveiled, marking the start of a line of budget-friendly processors. These first-generation processors were meant for Socket A motherboards and had clock speeds varying between 1.5 GHz to 2.0 GHz.

    They shared a similar architecture as the Athlon XP processors, but to make them more accessible, some advanced features like L2 cache were left out. Even so, these processors delivered a decent performance for basic computing tasks, despite being cost-effective.

  • Second Generation

    The second generation of AMD Sempron processors was released in 2005. These processors were designed for Socket 754 motherboards and had clock speeds ranging from 1.8 GHz to 2.0 GHz.

    They featured a single-core design with 256 KB of L2 cache and support for DDR memory. These processors were an ideal fit for entry-level desktop computers and provided good performance for their price.

  • Third Generation

    In 2006, AMD Sempron processors had their third installment, targeting Socket AM2 motherboards. These processors had clock speeds ranging from 1.8 GHz to 2.2 GHz, and they came with a single-core design, 256 KB of L2 cache, and DDR2 memory support.

    This generation of Sempron chips also marked the debut of “AMD64 technology,” which permitted these processors to run 64-bit operating systems and applications.

  • Fourth Generation

    The year 2008 saw the release of the fourth-generation AMD Sempron processors, tailored to fit both Socket AM2+ and AM3 motherboards. These chips boasted clock speeds spanning from 2.2 GHz to 2.7 GHz and came in either a single-core or dual-core design, with up to 1 MB of L2 cache.

    They also had support for DDR2 and DDR3 memory, making them more versatile in terms of compatibility. Additionally, this generation of Sempron processors was equipped with AMD’s “HyperTransport 3.0 technology,” which facilitated faster data transfer rates between the processor and other components.

  • Fifth Generation

    2010 marked the arrival of the fifth generation of AMD Sempron processors, built for Socket AM3 motherboards. These processors were known for their clock speeds, which varied from 2.7 GHz to 3.1 GHz.

    Featuring a dual-core design, they came equipped with up to 1 MB of L2 cache and support for DDR3 memory. What’s more, this generation of Sempron chips introduced AMD’s Turbo Core technology, allowing for automatic overclocking of one or both processor cores to meet the demands of the workload.

  • Sixth Generation

    Fast forward to 2014, and the sixth generation of AMD Sempron processors was introduced to the market with Socket AM1 motherboards in mind. With clock speeds ranging from 1.3 to 2.0 GHz, these processors featured a quad-core design and supported DDR3 memory.

    They became renowned in entry-level desktop and small form factor computers, thanks to their reasonable price point and good performance. These processors proved to be an excellent choice for those who needed a reliable machine for basic computing tasks.

Overall, the AMD Sempron series is a solid option for those seeking a cost-effective processor that delivers reliable performance. These chips cater to the basic computing needs of users and come in various generations, each with enhanced capabilities and features to match the ever-changing technological landscape.

From Socket A to AM3 and AM1 motherboards, the Sempron processors’ design and clock speeds have continually improved, paving the way for affordable solutions that don’t compromise performance.

So, whether you’re building a simple desktop or a compact computer, the AMD Sempron processors remain a viable choice for your computing needs.


AMD Turion Processors generations Opt
AMD Turion Processors generations

AMD Turion processors have been a great pick among users looking for high-performance and low-power processors for laptops and mobile devices since 2005. These processors have been known for their efficiency, speed, and affordability, making them an excellent choice for users on a budget.

  • First Generation

    The first-generation AMD Turion processors were released in 2005 and were based on the K8 microarchitecture.

    These processors featured single and dual-core configurations and were clocked at speeds ranging from 1.6GHz to 2.4GHz. They were designed to be power-efficient and had a thermal design power (TDP) of 25 watts.

  • Second Generation

    In 2006, AMD released the second generation of Turion processors built on the K9 microarchitecture. With clock speeds ranging from 1.8GHz to 2.4GHz, these processors offered improved performance compared to their predecessors.

    Furthermore, the second-gen processors came in dual-core configurations with a thermal design power (TDP) of 35 watts, making them ideal for mobile devices. Compatibility with Socket S1, a mobile processor socket, meant that laptop users could easily upgrade their systems with these processors.

  • Third Generation

    The third generation, launched in 2008, was built on the K10 microarchitecture and intended for use in mobile devices.

    These processors boasted dual-core and quad-core configurations with clock speeds ranging from 1.9GHz to 2.6GHz and a TDP of 35 watts. They also incorporated HyperTransport 3.0 technology to enhance data transfer speed between components.

  • Fourth Generation

    In 2009, the company introduced the fourth generation of Turion processors based on the Champlain microarchitecture. Designed for ultrathin laptops, these processors came in dual-core configurations with clock speeds between 1.7GHz and 2.5GHz, and a TDP of 15 watts.

    One notable feature of the fourth-gen processors was “AMD PowerNow! Technology.” This enabled the processor to dynamically adjust its clock speed based on workload demands. Overall, these changes represented significant improvements over previous generations and provided users with more powerful and energy-efficient processing options.

  • Fifth Generation

    Released in 2010, these processors were based on the Nile microarchitecture and were designed for ultrathin laptops. They offered dual-core and triple-core configurations with clock speeds ranging from 1.3GHz to 1.7GHz. These processors had a TDP of 15 watts, making them more power-efficient than their predecessors.

    The “AMD Turbo CORE technology” was one of the most notable features that made the fifth-generation AMD Turion processors stand out. This technology was a great integration as it automatically enabled the processor to adjust its clock speed based on the workload. Consequently, users could enjoy the improved performance while maintaining power efficiency.

    This feature was particularly beneficial for individuals who used their laptops for demanding tasks like gaming or video editing. The processor could deliver optimal performance by utilizing AMD Turbo CORE technology while avoiding overheating or draining the laptop’s battery.

  • Sixth Generation

    The sixth and final generation of AMD Turion processors was released in 2011 and was based on the Sabine microarchitecture. These processors were designed for laptops and featured dual-core and quad-core configurations. The clock speeds ranged from 1.4GHz to 2.5GHz, and the TDP was 35 watts.

    It also had the AMD Turbo CORE technology, enabling the processor to dynamically modify its clock speed according to the workload, similar to its predecessor. The sixth-generation processors delivered improved performance and power efficiency, making them a compelling option for laptop users seeking a potent and efficient processor.

To sum up, AMD Turion processors have earned a reputation as high-performance and reliable computing solutions. They are highly sought-after by laptop users who need a robust system that can handle demanding tasks like video editing, gaming, and more.

The AMD Turbo CORE technology makes these processors highly efficient, adapting to varying workloads to deliver optimum performance.

That said, AMD Turion processors have emerged as a top choice for users who require powerful computing systems that offer both performance and efficiency, making them a popular option in the competitive computing market.


AMD Opteron Processors generations Opt
AMD Opteron Processors generations

Belonging to the line of high-end computing needs, the Opteron processors are engineered for server and data center applications. The Opteron series has been a famous choice among system administrators and IT professionals due to its powerful processing capabilities and efficient energy consumption.

  • First Generation

    The first generation of Opteron processors was introduced in 2003. Based on the K8 architecture, these processors were the first to feature 64-bit x86 (AMD64) technology.

    They were available with up to 8 cores and clock speeds of up to 2.2 GHz, making them ideal for memory-intensive workloads.

  • Second Generation

    In 2006, AMD introduced the second generation of Opteron processors. These processors were based on the K10 architecture and offered up to 16 cores and clock speeds of up to 3.1 GHz.

    They also featured improved power management capabilities, making them more energy-efficient than their predecessors.

  • Third Generation

    The third generation of Opteron processors was launched in 2009. These processors were based on the Istanbul architecture and featured up to 12 cores and clock speeds of up to 2.9 GHz.

    They also introduced HyperTransport 3.0 technology, which improved system performance and bandwidth.

  • Fourth Generation

    In 2012, AMD released the fourth generation of Opteron processors. Known as the “Piledriver” architecture, these processors featured up to 16 cores and clock speeds of up to 3.7 GHz. They also introduced support for PCI Express 3.0, which improved data transfer rates.

  • Fifth Generation

    The fifth generation of Opteron processors was introduced in 2014. Based on the “Steamroller” architecture, these processors featured up to 16 cores and up to 3.5 GHz clock speeds.

    They also had support for DDR4 memory, which provided faster data transfer rates than previous generations.

  • Sixth Generation

    In 2017, AMD launched the sixth generation of Opteron processors, commonly called the “Zen” architecture. These processors featured about 32 cores and clock speeds of up to 3.6 GHz. They supported AVX2 instructions to enhance the performance of compute-intensive workloads.

In conclusion, IT professionals have come to favor the AMD Opteron series of processors due to their exceptional processing power and energy efficiency, positioning them as a prime option for server and data center applications.

However, AMD has discontinued the Opteron line of processors, replacing them with more advanced processors like the AMD EPYC series. This move was made in 2017 as part of AMD’s effort to focus on delivering innovative solutions to the enterprise market while the Opteron processors had become outdated.

Despite being discontinued, the Opteron series remains a reliable choice for organizations seeking cost-effective computing solutions for their infrastructure requirements.


AMD Phenom Processors generations Opt
AMD Phenom Processors generations

This one is among the most brilliant lines of desktop processors that redefined the high-performance computing landscape in 2007.

The Phenom processors were designed for desktop computers and popular among gamers and power users. They offered high performance and value for money, especially compared to Intel’s offerings at the time.

However, they were eventually superseded by AMD’s Ryzen processors, which offered even higher levels of performance and efficiency.

  • First Generation

    The first generation of Phenom processors was released in November 2007 and included models with base clock rates ranging from 1.8 GHz to 2.6 GHz. These processors had either two or four cores and were manufactured using a 65nm process.

    The top-end model in this generation was the Phenom X4 9950 Black Edition, which had four cores, a base clock rate of 2.6 GHz, and a maximum clock rate of 3.0 GHz.

  • Second Generation [Phenom II]

    The second generation, also called Phenom II, was launched in January 2009. These processors were manufactured using a 45nm process and featured improvements in clock rates, power consumption, and performance over the first generation.

    The Phenom II processors had a base clock speed range of 2.5 GHz to 3.0 GHz, and the highest-performing model was the Phenom II X4 965 Black Edition, which featured four cores with a base clock speed of 3.4 GHz and a maximum clock speed of 3.7 GHz.

  • Third Generation [Phenom II X6]

    The company rolled out the third generation in February 2010, known as “Phenom II X6.” These processors featured six cores and were manufactured using a 45nm process.

    With a base clock rate range of 2.6 GHz to 3.3 GHz, the Phenom II X6 processors included the top-of-the-line Phenom II X6 1100T Black Edition. This model boasted six cores, a base clock rate of 3.3 GHz, and a maximum clock rate of 3.7 GHz.

Overall, the AMD Phenom processor series was a significant milestone in AMD’s history, offering users a powerful and affordable alternative to Intel’s offerings. While they may no longer be cutting-edge technology, they remain a viable option for those on a budget or looking to build a budget gaming PC.


AMD FX Processors generations Opt
AMD FX Processors generations

AMD FX processors were first released in 2011 as a series of high-performance desktop CPUs. They were designed to meet the demanding needs of gamers, enthusiasts, and creative professionals, who required top-of-the-line processing power for tasks like gaming, video editing, and 3D rendering.

Note that this section discusses the FX family of the processors, and is not the same as the “FX” suffixed to certain CPU models. You can learn more about the FX suffix below in this post.

  • First Generation [Bulldozer]

    Released in 2011, the first generation was often known as Bulldozer. These CPUs were built on a 32nm manufacturing process, featuring four to eight cores with base clock speeds ranging from 3.1 GHz to 3.6 GHz. The top-end model was the FX-8150 which had eight cores and a maximum clock speed of 4.2 GHz.

  • Second Generation [Piledriver]

    In 2012, AMD released the second generation of FX processors. These CPUs were manufactured using a 32nm process and boasted four to eight cores, with a base clock speed that ranged between 3.5 GHz and 4.2 GHz. The top model, the FX-8350, had eight cores and could reach a maximum clock speed of 4.2 GHz.

  • Third Generation [Steamroller]

    In 2014, AMD released its third generation of FX processors under the code name “Steamroller.” These CPUs were built on a 28nm manufacturing process, which enabled them to support up to eight cores. The base clock speed for each core ranged from 3.1 GHz to 4.3 GHz, resulting in a powerful computing experience.

One of the standout models in the series was the FX-9590. It was integrated with eight cores and an impressive maximum clock speed of 5 GHz, making it an attractive choice for enthusiasts and gamers seeking high-performance computing capabilities.

However, despite their performance, the AMD FX processor line was eventually discontinued by AMD in 2017. This was likely due to the increasing popularity of AMD’s Ryzen processor line, which offered better performance and power efficiency.

You can still buy these CPUs in the secondhand market because they are known for good performance at a reasonable price point.


AMD Ryzen Processors generations Opt
AMD Ryzen Processors generations

The Ryzen series first hit the market in 2017 and has since become a formidable competitor to Intel’s CPUs, thanks to its innovative design, advanced multi-core technology, and unbeatable performance.

With unparalleled speed, these processors are designed to cater to a diverse range of users, from casual gamers to power-hungry content creators.

That said, the Ryzen processor series also had a subdivision, or a “Ryzen family”. For example, the AMD Ryzen processor family included the following processor series:

  • Ryzen 3
  • Ryzen 5
  • Ryzen 7
  • Ryzen 9

Like Intel did with the “Core” processor and launched the Core i3, i5, i7, and i9, the Ryzen 3, 5, 7, and 9 are the reciprocatory response from AMD.

The Ryzen 3 is an entry-level processor designed for basic tasks, whereas the Ryzen 9 is a premium high-end processor with more cores and threats, designed for extreme CPU tasks.

A use-case comparison of the Ryzen processor family has been done below in this post.

With these different Ryzen families, AMD also produced different generations of each of these processor families.

  • First Generation

    The AMD Ryzen’s first generation series was the Ryzen 1000 series. This generation was launched in the year 2017. These CPUs featured up to 8 cores and 16 threads, offering exceptional single-threaded and multi-threaded performance. They were built on a 14nm Zen architecture, responsible for efficient power usage and long-term reliability.

    Among the most notable CPUs of this generation was the Ryzen 7 1800X, having a base clock speed of 3.6GHz and a boost clock speed of 4.0GHz. These specifications allowed the Ryzen 7 1800X to deliver unmatched processing power, making it a favorite among power users and gamers alike.

  • Second Generation

    Following the highly successful first-generation release, AMD launched the second-generation Ryzen processors in 2018, featuring some major upgrades and improvements over their predecessors. The second generation of the Ryzen processors were APUs, which means that they included an integrated GPU.

    Note: All Ryzen generations released after the second generation were also APUs.

    These new APUs were built on a refined 12nm Zen+ architecture, which resulted in improved power efficiency and lower temperatures. The second generation AMD Ryzen processors were the Ryzen 2000 series.

    Offering up to 8 cores and 16 threads, the second-generation Ryzen processors provided a base clock speed ranging from 3.2GHz to 3.7GHz, improving overall performance.

    The Ryzen 7 2700X, the flagship CPU of this generation, was highly sought after for its base clock speed of 3.7GHz and boost clock speed of 4.3GHz, which enabled it to handle even the most demanding computing tasks with ease.

  • Third Generation

    Fast forward to 2019, AMD launched the highly-anticipated third-generation Ryzen processors, which marked a groundbreaking shift in processing power and performance and belonged to the Ryzen 3000 series.

    Built on an advanced 7nm Zen 2 architecture, these CPUs offered up to 16 cores and 32 threads, allowing for unprecedented multitasking and processing capabilities.

    The base clock speeds of these CPUs ranged from 3.5GHz to 3.8GHz, ensuring high-speed performance across a broad range of applications. The Ryzen 9 3950X, which served as the top-tier CPU of this generation, was highly regarded for its impressive base clock speed of 3.5GHz and a boost clock speed of 4.7GHz.

    With these specifications, the Ryzen 9 3950X was able to handle even the most demanding workloads with ease, making it a go-to choice for power users and creative professionals alike.

    The release of the third-generation Ryzen processors marked a turning point in the CPU industry, redefining the limits of what was previously thought impossible.

  • Fourth Generation

    This generation was rolled out in 2020 with a promise to deliver superb improvements in performance and efficiency and marked the Ryzen 4000 series but with an exception. While the AMD Ryzen 3, 5, and 7 followed the 4000-series rule, this did not apply to Ryzen 9. The Ryzen 9 4th generation processors for laptops were marketed as the 5000 series processors.

    AMD dubbed it a Ryzen 9 5900X instead of a Ryzen 9 4900X to replace the Ryzen 9 3900X. According to AMD, the choice to forego the 4000 series Ryzen 9 laptop chips in favor of the Zen 3 desktop chips was made to reduce confusion with its highly regarded Ryzen 4000 laptop processors.

    While the 4th generation Ryzen 9 laptop processors were created using the Zen 2 architecture, the 4th gen Ryzen 9 processors for desktops were developed with the Zen 3 architecture. Therefore, AMD marketed the Ryzen 9 processors as the 5th-generation processors, which also use the Zen 3 architecture across all Ryzen families.

    That said, the Ryzen 9 processor family still has 4000-series processors that are designed for laptops, such as the Ryzen 9 4900h processor. It is considered that AMD Ryzen 9 for desktops did not include a 4th generation. Instead, it jumped ahead directly to the 5th generation.

    The Ryzen 4000-series CPUs were built on a cutting-edge 7nm Zen 2 architecture, ensuring optimal power usage and lower temperatures. Offering up to 8 cores and 16 threads, these processors boasted base clock speeds ranging from 3.6GHz to 3.8GHz, and a boosted clock speed of up to 4.4GHz.

  • Fifth Generation

    In 2021, AMD unveiled their fifth-generation Ryzen processors, raising the bar once again for high-performance CPUs. These were the 5000 series CPUs built on the 7nm Zen 3 architecture, these CPUs offer an unbeatable combination of power and efficiency.

    With up to 16 cores and 32 threads, these processors can easily handle even the most demanding applications, from heavy multitasking to complex gaming and video editing. The base clock speeds of these CPUs range from 3.4GHz to 3.9GHz, delivering lightning-fast processing speeds across the board.

    The star of the show is the flagship Ryzen 9 5950X, equipped with a base clock speed of 3.4GHz and a boost clock speed of 4.9GHz. This processor is simply unmatched in terms of performance, allowing users to tackle the most resource-intensive tasks with ease.

  • Sixth Generation

    AMD announced the 6th generation of Ryzen processors at CES 2022. However, these were only the processors for laptops. AMD never manufactured 6th-generation Ryzen processors for desktops.

    These processors were manufactured with the Zen 3+ 6nm architecture and offered up to 8 performance cores and 16 threads. Endorsed by even the high-end gaming laptop series, Razer, the 6th generation Ryzen processors were capable of handling even the heaviest gaming graphics and CPU-intensive tasks at the time.

    The 6000-series mobile Ryzen processors have a base clock speed ranging from 2.7 GHz to 3.3 GHz, which can go up to 5 GHz when overclocked.

  • Seventh Generation

    When AMD was announcing the 7th generation of Ryzen processors, they changed their naming scheme. The new naming nomenclature has been given below.

    Also announced in 2023, the 7th generation of Ryzen processors was released for both desktops and laptops. These processors were part of the 7000 series Ryzen processors manufactured using the Zen 4 5nm microarchitecture.

    The Dragon range 7000 series CPUs offered 16 cores and 32 threads. They also had a clock speed ranging from 2.4 GHz for ultra-low power consumption, all the way up to a whopping 5.7 GHz for unparalleled performance.

    Moreover, the 7th generation Ryzen Pro processors also include an NPU with up to 10 Tera Operations per Second (TOPS). An NPU is a Neural Processing Unit designed to handle complex mathematical computations required by artificial intelligence neural networks.

  • Eight Generation

    AMD announced the Ryzen 8000 series CPUs, which are the 8th-gen, in late 2023 for the laptops, and in early 2024 for the desktops at CES 2024. These processors have a maximum of 8 cores that offer 16 threads. Moreover, the lowest clock rate is 3.0 GHz, whereas the maximum boosted clock rate is 5.2 GHz.

    These processors have been manufactured using the Zen 4 5nm and the Zen 4c microarchitecture. Both architectures are identical in performance, but the 4c architecture is smaller. Since these are APUs, the GPU part is manufactured with the RDNA 3 architecture.

    Like the 7th gen, the 8th generation Ryzen processors also include NPUs, but only the top-performing ones, such as Ryzen 9, 7, and 5. However, the 8th-gen processors see an improvement in TOPS, which have been upgraded to 16, as opposed to 10 TOPS offered by the 7th-gen.

    At the time of writing this post, the eight-generation AMD Ryzen processors are still new. Therefore, we may see some other versions of these processors very soon, such as the Pro variant, which may improve the clock speeds and other specifications of the processor lineup.

In summary, the AMD Ryzen processors have undoubtedly left a remarkable impression on the computing world. The processor series’ unique design, advanced capabilities, and impressive performance have quickly garnered a loyal following among users.

What sets AMD Ryzen processors apart is their ability to deliver exceptional performance and handle demanding applications, from gaming to video editing. This performance is due to the AMD Ryzen processors’ innovative architecture, which allows for enhanced multithreading, improved memory bandwidth, and faster clock speeds.

Moreover, AMD Ryzen processors offer value for money and are more affordable than their Intel counterparts.

Ryzen Threadripper

AMD Ryzen Threadripper Processors generations Opt
AMD Ryzen Threadripper Processors generations

AMD Ryzen Threadripper is a family of high-performance desktop processors designed for demanding applications such as video editing, 3D rendering, and gaming. Though it shares some similarities with the AMD Ryzen processors, Threadripper is a distinct product line that is designed for users who need even more performance than what is available with Ryzen processors.

Ryzen processors are available in a range of configurations. They are designed for mainstream and high-end desktops, while Threadripper processors are designed for high-end desktops and workstations, with even more cores and threads, advanced features, and a unique socket designed to provide more PCIe lanes for high-end systems.

In this way, AMD Ryzen Threadripper and Ryzen processors are complementary product lines that offer different performance levels and features to meet the needs of different users.

  • First Generation

    The first generation of Ryzen Threadripper processors, the Threadripper 1000 series, was released in August 2017. These processors were based on the 14nm Zen architecture and offered up to 16 cores and 32 threads.

    The base clock rates for the Threadripper 1000 series ranged from 3.4 GHz to 3.5 GHz, while the max clock rates ranged from 3.8 GHz to 4.0 GHz. Some of the notable processors in this series include the Threadripper 1950X and 1920X, which offered 16 cores and 32 threads each.

  • Second Generation

    Released in August 2018, the Threadripper 2000 series was the second generation of this processor, featuring refined Zen+ architecture and an impressive 32 cores and 64 threads. The Threadripper 2000 series boasted base clock rates ranging from 3.0 to 3.4 GHz and max clock rates from 3.4 to 4.3 GHz.

    The most high-performing processors in this series were the Threadripper 2990WX and 2970WX, each with 32 cores and 64 threads, making them some of the most powerful desktop processors available then.

  • Third Generation

    In November 2021, AMD released the third and latest generation of Ryzen Threadripper processors, known as the Threadripper 3000 series. Built on the Zen 2 7nm architecture, these processors provide up to 64 cores and 128 threads, making them ideal for demanding tasks such as video editing and 3D rendering.

    With base clock rates ranging from 2.5 to 3.0 GHz and max clock rates from 3.0 to 4.6 GHz, the Threadripper 5000 series offers impressive performance levels. The top-notch processors in this series include the Threadripper Pro 3995WX and Pro 3975WX, both featuring 64 cores and 128 threads.

    The regular Threadripper processors offered the “X” series only (with the suffix “X”) which is targeted toward “enthusiasts and gamers”, while the Pro series offered only the “WX” series, which is targeted toward “creators and innovators”.

    Note: As with the Ryzen 9 4th generation, AMD skipped her Threadripper 4000 series and jumped right ahead to the 5th generation 5000 series processors. The reason for this decision was also the same – to be able to better differentiate between the Zen 2 and the Zen 3 devices.

  • Fifth Generation

    The fifth generation of the Ryzen Threadripper processors was announced in 2022. These were the Threadripper 5000 series processors which AMD only announced as the “Pro” and “WX” variants. This meant that, at the time, these were the top-notch processor family.

    These processors were based on the Zen 3 7nm architecture and had a base clock speed as low as 2.7 GHz, and a boosted clock speed of 4.5 GHz. The top-performing processor from this family, the AMD Ryzen Threadripper Pro 5995WX, had 64 cores and 128 threads.

    Note: AMD never produced the Ryzen 6th generation processors for desktops. Therefore, a 6th gen Ryzen Threadriper doesn’t exist either.

  • Seventh Generation

    The Ryzen Threadripper 7th generation processors upped the ante by introducing 96-cored processors. This meant that the 7000 series Threadripper could have up to 192 threads. This generation of processors was manufactured with the Zen 4 5nm microarchitecture that could offer clocked speeds of up to 5.3 GHz. These were also released near the end of 2022,

    Right now, the top-notch 7th gen Threadripper, the Ruzen Threadripper Pro 7995WX, is being retailed by the company itself for USD 9,999. However, this generation is also offered as the regular “X” variant.

The next generation of Ryzen Threadripper processors, which most likely will be the 8000 series, is yet to be announced by AMD.

That said, AMD Ryzen Threadripper processors offer high core and thread counts, advanced features such as quad-channel memory, and PCIe 4.0 support. Moreover, the unique TRX4 socket provides more PCIe lanes for high-end systems.

Comparison of AMD Ryzen Processors

The Ryzen and Ryzen Threadripper processors are one of the most commonly used processors amongst gamers and other professionals that require CPU-intensive workloads. However, what is the main difference between the various Ryzen processor families?

The following table illustrates which Ryzen processor might suit your needs and budget to get the job done:

Ryzen FamilyPerformance LevelUse Case
Ryzen 3Entry-levelBasic tasks, web browsing, light gaming
Ryzen 5Mid-rangeProductivity tasks, demanding work apps, casual gaming
Ryzen 7High-endEnthusiasts, content creation, streaming, ultimate gaming
Ryzen 9Premium high-endEnthusiasts, content creation, streaming, ultimate gaming
ThreadripperExtreme high-endProfessional workstation, gaming
Comparison of AMD Ryzen processor family use cases

Understanding AMD Processor Names

The world of computer processors can seem like a labyrinthine maze, filled with cryptic naming conventions and confusing technical jargon. With so many different models and generations of AMD processors on the market, it can be hard to know where to start when it comes to choosing the right one for your needs.

If you’re looking for a new processor, it’s important to understand what those numbers and letters mean and how they can impact your computer’s performance.

AMD’s old processor naming convention

In this section, we will explain how AMD processor naming works and what users should know about it, before continuing to discuss the many AMD processors’ series and generations.

amd naming scheme old Opt
AMD naming scheme (old)

AMD Processor Family

The first part of an AMD processor’s name is its family name. The family name indicates the market segment that the processor is intended for.

AMD Model Number

The second part of an AMD processor’s name is its model number. It is a four-digit code that indicates the processor’s speed, capabilities, and market positioning.

The first digit in the model number represents the generation of the processor, with higher numbers indicating newer generations.

The next two digits indicate the performance level, with higher numbers indicating more powerful processors.

The final digit is usually a 0 or 5, indicating that it is a standard or a premium version of the processor, respectively.

AMD Processor Suffixes

AMD processors may also have suffixes at the end of their names that indicate specific features or capabilities. Here are some common suffixes that you might encounter:

  • X

    The “X” suffix reveals that the processor is a premium version of the standard processor. Premium versions generally have higher clock speeds, better cooling capabilities, and other performance-enhancing features.

    For example, the Ryzen 9 5900X is a premium version of the Ryzen 9 5900, offering higher clock speeds and improved performance.

  • G

    It indicates that your AMD processor has an integrated graphics card. This is useful for systems that do not have a dedicated graphics card or basic gaming and multimedia tasks.

    For example, the Athlon 3000G is an APU (Accelerated Processing Unit) with a Radeon Vega 3 graphics card.

  • GE

    This suffix also tells that the processor has an integrated graphics card but is a lower-power version of the standard APU. These processors are designed for small form factor systems or other applications where power consumption is a concern.

    For example, the Ryzen 5 2400GE is a low-power version of the Ryzen 5 2400G with a lower TDP (Thermal Design Power) and lower clock speeds.

  • XT

    The “XT” suffix identifies the processor as a higher-performing version of the standard processor. These processors generally have higher clock speeds and better performance but also consume more power and generate more heat.

    For example, the Ryzen 5 5600XT is a higher-performing version of the Ryzen 5 5600X with higher clock speeds and improved gaming performance.

  • H

    This suffix refers to the processor released for high-performance mobile devices like gaming laptops. These processors generally have higher clock speeds and better cooling capabilities to handle the demanding workloads of gaming and other high-performance applications.

    For example, the Ryzen 9 5900H is a high-performance mobile processor with a TDP of 45 watts.

  • FX

    The “FX” suffix in AMD processors denotes a high-performance desktop processor aimed at enthusiasts and gamers. AMD first introduced these processors in 2011 and targeted users who required maximum performance from their desktop systems.

    These processors are known for their multi-core performance and overclocking capabilities. Some examples of FX processors are FX-9590, FX-8350, and FX-6300.

Understanding these suffixes can help you choose the right processor for your needs based on your performance requirements, power consumption, and budget.

Examples of AMD Processors Current Naming Scheme

Let’s look at some examples of AMD processors to see how the naming scheme works.

  • Athlon 3000G

    • First part: Athlon (Processor family)
    • Second part: 3000 (Performance level)
    • Third part: G (Suffix indicating an integrated graphics card)

    The Athlon family is targeted at mainstream desktop users, and the 3000G is a budget-oriented APU (Accelerated Processing Unit) with integrated Radeon Vega 3 graphics.

  • Duron 1800

    • First part: Duron (Processor family)
    • Second part: 1800 (Performance level)
    • Third part: None

    The Duron family was AMD’s budget processor line in the early 2000s. The 1800 model had a clock speed of 1.8 GHz and was aimed at entry-level desktop users.

  • Opteron 6380

    • First part: Opteron (Processor family)
    • Second part: 6380 (Performance level)
    • Third part: None

    The Opteron family is AMD’s line of server processors, designed for high-performance computing and enterprise-level applications. The 6380 model has 16 cores and a clock speed of 2.5 GHz.

  • FX-8350

    • First part: FX (Processor family)
    • Second part: 8350 (Performance level)
    • Third part: None

    The FX family was introduced in 2011 and targeted enthusiasts and gamers. The 8350 model came with 8 cores and a clock speed of 4.0 GHz.

  • Ryzen 5 5600X

    • First part: Ryzen (Processor family)
    • Second part: 5 (Performance level)
    • Third part: 5600X (Model number)

    The Ryzen family was introduced in 2017 and is AMD’s high-performance desktop processor line. The 5600X has 6 cores, 12 threads, and a base clock speed of 3.7 GHz.

  • Ryzen Threadripper 3990X

    • First part: Ryzen Threadripper (Processor family)
    • Second part: 3990 (Performance level)
    • Third part: X (Suffix indicating a premium version)

    The Ryzen Threadripper family is targeted at high-end desktop and workstation users. The 3990X has 64 cores, 128 threads, and a base clock speed of 2.9 GHz.

Understanding the naming scheme of AMD processors can be a little daunting at first, but once you know how it works, choosing the right processor for your needs becomes much easier.

By knowing the family name, model number, and suffixes, users can get a good idea of the processor’s capabilities, performance level, and target market. However, AMD has now changed its naming schemes for the processors for 2023 and the years to come.

New AMD Processor Naming Convention for 2023 and beyond

AMD has announced a new naming scheme for its processors, including the upcoming Ryzen 7000 series. The new names will be similar to the current ones, consisting of four digits and a letter suffix. However, it will make it easier for customers to determine the power of a chip from its name.

This new naming scheme seems to be the opposite of Qualcomm’s approach, which previously used three-digit names to indicate power, generation, and minor updates. Intel’s recent naming shakeup also made it challenging for customers to distinguish between faster and slower processors.

Here is a detailed explanation of how the current naming scheme works and how the new convention will change it.

Old naming scheme: AMD Ryzen 7 2700X

New naming scheme: AMD 7640U

Below you’ll find the details of the new AMD processor naming scheme for 2023 and beyond.

amd naming scheme new Opt
AMD naming scheme (new)

Portfolio Year

In the new AMD naming scheme, the first number represents the portfolio year of the chip’s release.

For example, since the Ryzen 7000 series is expected to be released this year, the first number in the name “7640U” is “7,” indicating that the chip was released in 2023.

It’s important to note that the year indicated by the first number is not the year the chip was designed or manufactured but rather, it is counted onward from when the Ryzen series was first introduced in the market (2017). This makes 2023 equivalent to 7.

Additionally, the portfolio year number is unique to AMD’s naming scheme and should not be confused with the more common model year used by other industries.

If the first number were an “8” or “9” in a new AMD chip’s name, it would indicate that the chip was released in 2024 or 2025, respectively. For example, “8640U” would indicate a chip released in 2024, and “9640U” would refer to a chip released in 2025.

Note: These are hypothetical examples, as AMD has not yet announced any chips using the new naming scheme beyond the 7000 series. However, this is how the first number in the name would work to indicate the year of release.

Market Segment

The second digit indicates the market segment, or in simpler works, the “product line.”

For example, in the name “7640U” the second digit is “6,” which means that the processor belongs to the Ryzen 5 family.

The digit that defines the product line can be tricky as it involves some doubling. Therefore, we have created this table to help you better:

Market Segment Defining DigitExampleProduct Line
1x1xxAthlon Silver
2x2xxAthlon Gold
3x3xxRyzen 3
4x4xxRyzen 3
5x5xxRyzen 5
6x6xxRyzen 5
7x7xxRyzen 7
8x8xxRyzen 7/9
9x9xxRyzen 9
Market segment product line definition in AMD’s new processor naming scheme

In the old naming scheme, the market segment was not explicitly included in the name. Instead, it was indicated by the number following the processor family name, like “AMD Ryzen 7.”

Chip Architecture

The third number denotes the chip’s architecture in the new naming convention. “1” refers to the Zen 1 architecture, “2” refers to Zen 2, and so on.

For example, in the name “7640U,” the “4” indicates that the chip is based on the Zen 4 architecture.

In contrast, the old naming scheme did not include this information, so it was impossible to determine the chip’s architecture directly from the name.

The following table denotes the different architectural nomenclature with the corresponding sizes of its fabrication:

Architecture nameFabrication size
Zen 27nm
Zen 37nm
Zen 3+6nm
Zen 45nm
Zen 54nm & 3nm
AMD processor architecture and fabrication sizes

Zen 5 and Zen 5c are expected to be launched in the second half of 2024 with the upcoming Ryzen 9000 (9th gen) series processors.

Feature Isolation

The fourth number provides information about the performance level of a chip within a particular market segment. This number is either “5” or “0,” with 5 indicating that the chip is a faster version within the same market segment and 0 indicating that the chip is a slower version.

For instance, the “AMD Ryzen 7 7900XH” has a “0” as the fourth number, indicating that it is a lower-performance chip within the Ryzen 7 market segment. In contrast, if the same market segment had a “5” as the fourth number (e.g., AMD Ryzen 7 7950XH), it would indicate that this chip is a faster version of the Ryzen 7 chip.

However, the fourth number is not always present in the naming scheme. For example, if the chip has a “0” in the fourth number spot, then it may be omitted altogether. Therefore, the absence of the fourth number does not necessarily mean that the chip is a high-performance version.


It is responsible for determining the Thermal Design Power (TDP) of the processor, which is the maximum power consumption in Watts. However, different letters are now used to represent different TDP levels.

For example, “XH” in the Ryzen 7 7900XH name indicates a TDP of 55W, while “XT” in the Ryzen 9 5950XT name indicates a TDP of 105W. The suffix can also include additional information, such as “G,” to indicate that the chip has integrated graphics.

With the suffixes in the new naming scheme by AMD, the table below shows what each letter or letter combination means:

Suffix (Form Factor/TDP)Maximum Wattage
HX55W (Max performance)
HS~35W (Thin gaming or creator)
U15-28W (Premium Ultrathin)
C15-28W (For Chromebooks)
e9W (Fanless edition of “U”)
Suffix meaning in AMD’s new naming scheme

To read the suffix, you need to look for one or two letters at the end of the chip name, which can indicate various details about the processor.

While the names may still confuse most customers, the new system provides more information upfront for those who want to understand the potential performance of a chip.

It also ensures that customers can differentiate between chips with different versions of the same architecture. This new system should alleviate customers’ complaints that AMD has put old cores in new chips.

How To Pick The Right AMD Processor?

Choosing the right AMD processor can be challenging, especially with the numerous available options. Let’s explore some essential tips and tricks to help you navigate the world of AMD processors and choose the best processor for your computing needs.

Cores and Thread Counts

When it comes to choosing the right AMD processor, one of the most important factors to consider is the number of cores and threads.

Cores are the processing units within a processor that handle tasks, while threads are virtual processing units that help to speed up tasks. A higher number of cores and threads generally means better performance, especially for tasks that require multitasking or heavy processing.

Best Computing NeedsCoresThreads
Basic computing24
Gaming or streaming48
Video editing612
3D rendering or coding816
Data analysis1224
High-performance computing1632
Ideal processor core/thread count to task type

Clocking Speeds and Overclocking

Clocking speed refers to the rate at which a processor operates. A higher clocking speed generally means better performance, especially for tasks that require high processing power. However, it is important to note that different types of work should have different clocking speeds for optimized performance.

Here is a list of different types of work and how much clocking speed would suit them:

  • Basic computing: 2.0 GHz to 2.5 GHz
  • Gaming: 3.0 GHz to 4.0 GHz
  • Video editing: 4.0 GHz to 4.5 GHz
  • 3D rendering: 4.5 GHz to 5.0 GHz
  • High-performance computing: 5.0 GHz or higher

Overclocking is the process of increasing the clocking speed of a processor beyond its manufacturer’s recommended settings. While this can lead to better performance, it can also cause the processor to overheat and potentially damage it.

Overclocking should be attempted when experiencing bottlenecks. If you plan on overclocking your processor, ensuring that your cooling system is sufficient and that your processor is designed for overclocking is important.

Processor Generation

Each new generation of processors offers improved performance and features compared to the previous generation. So, choose the right generation based on your computing needs to ensure optimal performance.

For example, the AMD Ryzen 3 3000 series would be a suitable option for basic computing tasks. Whereas to enjoy performing more demanding tasks such as video editing or 3D rendering, the AMD Ryzen 7 5000 series would offer exceptional power and efficiency.

Cache Size

The cache is a type of memory that is built into the processor and stores frequently used data for quick access.

The larger the cache size, the faster the processor can access data and the better its performance. The ideal cache size depends on the computing needs of the user.

For basic computing needs such as browsing the internet or checking email, a smaller cache size of around 2 to 4 MB would be sufficient.

However, for more data-intensive tasks such as video editing or 3D rendering, a larger cache size of 8 to 16 MB would be ideal.

Compatibility with Other Components

Compatibility with other components is another important consideration. It is essential to ensure that the processor is compatible with other components in the build, such as the motherboard, RAM, and graphics card.

For example, if you are building a gaming PC, you would want to ensure that your processor is compatible with your graphics card to ensure optimal gaming performance.

Additionally, if you plan on upgrading your processor in the future, it is important to consider compatibility with other components to ensure a smooth upgrade process.

Some examples of compatible components include AMD motherboards, DDR4 RAM, and AMD Radeon graphics cards.


It is important to balance your budget with your computing needs and find the best value for your money.

For users with basic computing needs, such as students or those on a tight budget, a processor such as the AMD Ryzen 3 3200G would be a cost-effective option.

For more demanding tasks such as video editing or 3D rendering, a processor such as the AMD Ryzen 9 3950X would be a more powerful and expensive option.

Additionally, you must consider the cost of other components, such as the motherboard, RAM, and graphics card, when budgeting for your build.

Of course, you could achieve the same tasks that could be completed with a Ryzen 3 3000 series CPU on a Ryzen 7 5000 series CPU. However, it is not advised to overspend and buy a powerful processor when the same tasks could be performed on a lower-spec processor.

Ending Thoughts – Navigating the World of AMD Processors

In conclusion, we hope this incredibly comprehensive guide to AMD processors has been informative and helpful whether you want to upgrade or build your own PC. We have covered every generation of processors released by AMD till the time of writing this post, delved into the intricate details of the company’s naming scheme, and provided a thorough buying guide.

Through this guide, we have explored the evolution of AMD processors and witnessed their transformation from humble beginnings to the cutting-edge technology we see today. Each release has been a testament to AMD’s unwavering commitment to innovation and advancement.

As technology continues to evolve at a breakneck pace, we can only imagine what the future holds for AMD processors. But one thing is certain: with their dedication to excellence and unparalleled performance, AMD will undoubtedly continue to be a major player in the computing world for years to come.

If you liked this post, Share it on:
Yamna is a highly skilled researcher with a specialization in Biotechnology. She draws on her extensive knowledge, experience and ability to research concepts in depth to produce writings that demystify complex technology-related topics.

Get Updates in Your Inbox

Sign up for the regular updates and be the first to know about the latest tech information

Talk to us now

Talk to us straight and get your questions answered right away

Tell Us About Your Project
Web Dev Service Contact Form (Popup)